How Septic Tanks Work
Waste enters the tank from toilets, sinks. tubs, and drains.
Organic solid material ﬂoats to the top of the tank, forming a layer commonly called “scum”. Inorganic materials and bi—products from enzyme and bacteria digestion settle to the bottom of the tank forming a layer called “sludge”. Biological activity continues within the scum layer and the sludge layer to break down the many organic materials present. This bio activity results in sending cleaner effluent to the drainﬁeld.
Pumping should be done every 3 to 5 years!
Septic System Care
Be careful as to what you ﬂush down your toilet or put down your drains. Feminine products, tissues, and other non—degradable items should be properly disposed of into the garbage. They add too many solids and strain the capacity of the system. NO grease should go down the drains. Grease is the biggest burden of the proper functioning of a septic system. The newest and most costly item is wipes, also known as diaper wipes. They don’t dissolve and they ﬂoat, dogging up everything in their path. Try to avoid these and use as many environmentally friendly products as possible. NEVER FLUSH WIPES!
Why you need a pumping service
Pollutants from a poorly functioning system can be drawn into your well and come out in your drinking, cooking, and bathing water. If your tank and filter are not cleaned regularly, sludge and scum will clog the drain field and cause the whole system to fail. It is very important to remove the solid material before it reaches the level of the discharge outlet and flows into the drain field. There is a certain amount of material that is not biodegradable and must be removed by pumping. It is also important to clean your filter so your system will not back up and cause a potential health risk.